Neurodiversity is a term that reflects the variability in our brain wiring and cognitive function. Everyone, whether neurotypical or neurodivergent, has unique patterns of behavior, learning, and thinking. From a neurodiversity affirming perspective, the differences observed are not defects or disorders, but simply variations of the human brain. However, since the majority of people are neurotypical, many expectations and cultural standards of how to be (e.g., how to work, how to be productive, and how to be successful) were created without acceptance or accommodation for people with different strengths and needs. Neurodiverse individuals often struggle with these standards because they demand conflicting expectations on what is natural to the neurodiverse brain.
Neurodivergence includes diagnoses such as ADHD, Autism, Dyslexia, and other neurodevelopmental disorders. Additionally, some experiences of trauma, especially during developmental periods, can also contribute to neurodiversity because of the way the brain can be affected. People who are neurodiverse may struggle with paying attention, staying on task, being overwhelmed by stimuli, communicating with others, and regulating emotion.